This essay investigates the characteristics and evolution of parliamentary architecture. A history of parliamentary architecture is presented, referencing notable architects’ schemes, including Le Corbusier and Norman Foster. The second part of the essay dissects Enric Miralles’ Scottish Parliament Building.


Typically parliaments are ‘grandiose statements of authority’ (Fisher, 2004) designed to demonstrate the political power and importance of a nation; the Scottish parliament is however a stark contrast. Inspired by the Salisbury Crags and upturned boats, on the shore at Lindisfarne, Enric Miralles’ proposal was a monument to Scottish identity as opposed to political power.

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